Some points from this supplementary article in Review of Optometry.
Vitamin A: The blue Mountains Eye study found that elevated beta carotene intake was assoicated with an increased risk of macular degeneration.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin): Deficiency can cause red eye, photosensitivty, and dry eye.
Vitamin B7 (biotin): deficiency can lead to dry scalp, dandruff, or hair loss.
Vitamin B9 (folate): unmetabolized folic acid can accelerate cardiovascular and ophthalmic vascular disease.
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin): Provides relief for patients with pernicious anemia, megaloblastic anemia, and sickle cell anemia.
Vitamin C:Assists in collagen fomation and wound healing, including that of the cornea. Deficiency results in slow healing, frequent infections, low platelets, retinal microaneurysms, and cataracts.
Vitamin D: Crucial for patients facing uveitis/ retinitis, MS, herpes simplex and zoster, neovacularization jin AMD, and patients at risk for diabetes.
Vitamin E: Increases tear production, retard cataract formation, reduce propensity for diabetic retinopathy.
Magnesium: Deficiency has been linked to retinopathy, acephalgic migraines, twitching eyelids, and glaucoma.
Selenium: Helps protect patients against AMD